04 October 2023

What is a Real Estate Investment Trust?

What is a Real Estate Investment Trust? What is a Real Estate Investment Trust?

Learn more about real estate investment trusts and the factors to take into account when implementing them into your trading or investment plan. What is a real estate investment trust, and how does it work? Let's dive into the details in this post.

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What is a Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT)?

Let's take a closer look at the real estate investment trust definition. A business that owns, manages, or finances income-producing real estate is known as a real estate investment trust. REIT offers a mutual fund-like investment opportunity that enables regular citizens to gain access to valuable real estate, generate dividend-based income, generate total returns and support community expansion, prosperity, and revitalization. Anyone can participate in portfolios of real estate assets through REITs in the same way they can in other sectors: by purchasing firm shares directly or through a mutual fund or exchange-traded fund (ETF). Real estate investment fund owners receive a portion of the income generated without having to purchase, operate or finance real estate.

How Does a Real Estate Investment Trust Work?

The real estate investment trust allows investors to purchase shares in commercial real estate portfolios, previously only possible for extremely affluent people and through big financial intermediaries. A REIT's portfolio of properties includes apartment buildings, data centers, hospitals, hotels, infrastructure (such as fiber cables, cell towers, and energy pipelines), office buildings, retail spaces, self-storage facilities, timberland and warehouses. Real estate investment trust returns typically focus on a certain area. Diversified and specialty real estate investment trusts can also include a variety of various property kinds in their portfolios, such as a REIT that owns both office and retail assets. Numerous REITs are listed on significant stock exchanges, where investors can buy and sell them like stocks anytime during the trading day. These investment trusts are regarded as particularly liquid instruments and frequently trade in high volumes.

What Are Some of the REIT Types?

Equity, mortgage and hybrid REITs are the three major types into which real estate investment trusts can be categorized based on their investment holdings. Each category can be further broken down into the three categories of publicly traded REITs, publicly non-traded REITs, and private REITs, depending on how the investment can be acquired. Before making a purchase, it's critical to understand the specifics of each form and learn how to invest in real estate investment trusts because they each have unique characteristics and hazards.

Equity Real Estate Investment Trust: Equity real estate investment trusts function as landlords and take care of all the management responsibilities that come with property ownership. They hold the underlying real estate, collect rent, maintain it, and make investments in it.

Mortgage Real Estate Investment Trust: Unlike equity real estate investment trusts, mortgage REITs do not own the underlying property. They instead possess debt securities that are secured by real estate. For instance, this kind of real estate investment trust might purchase a mortgage from the original lender when a family takes a mortgage on a home. Over time, it will collect the monthly payments, creating money from interest.

Hybrid Real Estate Investment Trust: These investment trusts combine equity and mortgage REIT investment strategies.

Publicly Traded Real Estate Investment Trust: As the name implies, publicly traded real estate investment trusts can be purchased using a standard brokerage account and are traded on an exchange alongside equities.

Public Non-traded Real Estate Investment Trust: Although these real estate investment trusts are registered, they are not traded. Investors can find real estate investment trusts by listing their status in an online database. These real estate investment trusts are characterized as extremely illiquid because they are not publicly traded, frequently for durations of eight years or more.

Private Real Estate Investment Trust: These real estate investment trusts are often exempt from registration and being unlisted, making it difficult to value and trade them. As a result, private real estate investment trusts have fewer transparency requirements, which could make it more difficult to assess their performance. Due to these restrictions, these trusts are less appealing to many investors and come with significant risks.

Get in touch with our experienced and expert sales teams here at Nest Invest to find out more about investing in real estate and to put your investments to good use.